1. What Is Reformed Theology? Understanding the Basics
    R.C. Sproul
    Baker Books / 2016 / Trade Paperback
    Our Price$12.99 Retail Price$17.99 Save 28% ($5.00)
    5 out of 5 stars for What Is Reformed Theology? Understanding the Basics. View reviews of this product. 21 Reviews
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  1. tinstar1
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    What is Reformed theology
    December 24, 2021
    Good for basics. have purchased copies for friends
  2. ipso facto
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    A clear explanation of some core doctrines. Well written and highly recommended.
    August 7, 2018
    ipso facto
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 4
    This book was my first real exposure to Reformed/Calvinist doctrine, after 30+ years attending Evangelical churches that taught alternative positions on some of the Protestant doctrines. This book was an excellent choice. The doctrines are presented clearly, along with the major alternative positions. Dr. Sproul explains why he believes the Reformed position is the correct position and provides scripture to support his views. The first part of the book includes some history of the Reformation, which by necessity includes explanations of the differences between Catholic and Protestant beliefs. Some of that is fairly technical and could be confusing to anyone not already familiar with those things, but the glossary at the end can help with that. The second part of the book covers TULIP in depth and is excellent. I don't agree with everything in the book, but at least now I have a better understanding of these positions.
  3. Barron1961
    Old Hickory, TN
    Age: 55-65
    Gender: Male
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    A very good primer on the subject
    January 28, 2018
    Old Hickory, TN
    Age: 55-65
    Gender: Male
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 5
    I originally obtained a free copy of this book from Ligonier Ministries. I read it, didnt believe it or agree with it at first, and put it away to maybe be read again some day.

    In the mean time I prayed about what I had read with an eye toward refuting it like a good little Arminian boy. I asked the Holy Spirit for help and sometime later got the answer that I needed to reread the book and follow the scripture references where they would lead me.

    i went to my bookshelf to get it and it wasnt there. Fortunately, CBD came to my rescue again. This book is very theological in nature and presents the material in clear terms complete with accompanying scriptures. Sproul does present the Arminian position very briefly but focuses on the Reformed position as the title implies.

    Sproul presents very good arguments regarding the sovereignty of God, predestination and the election of the believer. Although his book Chosen by God is a much simpler, more readable treatment of the topics, it is this book that I credit with converting me from a lifetime of Arminianism to the Calvinist way of thinking and believing.

    After reading this book and praying about the parts that confused me, I finally had clear and concise answers to questions that I have harbored for all of my adult life. The second reading was what I needed to make things fall into place.

    The last five chapters were especially helpful to me. Each chapter covers on letter of the acrostic TULIP which covers the five main points of Calvinism.

    I highly reccomend this book for anyone who wants to develop a basic understanding of Gods sovereignty as it relates to salvation as well as an understanding of basic Calvinism.

    I took one star off because I found it necessary to read the book twice in order to grasp the basic issues it presents.
  4. Callie
    Age: 18-24
    Gender: female
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    Great Explanation Of Calvinism
    December 1, 2016
    Age: 18-24
    Gender: female
    Quality: 0
    Value: 0
    Meets Expectations: 0
    One of my book goals of the year was to read more books that will help me grow spiritually - and I realized in recent months that I have kind of neglected theological books in my reading plan this year. Time to catch up! I saw "What Is Reformed Theology?" by R.C. Sproul up for review, and I decided to request it. I have some friends who go to a Reformed Theology church, and I generally agree with them on doctrine, but I really didn't know what was meant by "reformed theology". I was hoping to learn more from this book.

    It did not disappoint! The first half of this book goes through points of sound biblical doctrine that I think all Christians agree on, but the part I liked is that it also included the church history that involved each point - including past heresies, and biblically why some of the great theologians came to the conclusions they did.

    A Few Negatives

    This book got a little sticky here and there. The section on the different views of communion, while educational for distinguishing between different denominations, made the whole subject pretty confusing to me.

    I feel like the author had a habit of lumping people together in groups, perhaps not always fairly. He used the term "dispensationalist" in a way that I have not heard before, and I don't agree with how he characterized this group. I have generally agreed with the (traditional) dispensationalist view of how to interpret Scripture, etc, but Sproul seemed to be picking on dispensationalism and contrasted dispensationalism with covenant theology. I have never heard these two terms put at odds with one another like this, and I don't think dispensationalism and covenant theology are mutually exclusive, as he seems to imply. He even says later that dispensationalists think that a person can be completely carnal and still a Christian because a new nature isn't necessarily given (in direct contradiction to Scripture) - I have never heard that and totally disagree. I may have to research more, but I grew up around people who described themselves as dispensationalists and I never heard anyone claim that, so I feel like he was being too rigid by lumping everyone together here. I have always just viewed dispensationalism as a way of interpreting Scripture literally that takes into account historical time periods; not as a complete theological system.

    I also felt in reading this book that the author focused too much on intellectual arguments and quotes from the reformers - which were excellent - but I would have appreciated a greater focus on the Scriptures that back up these points as well. There was plenty of Scripture in this book, but I just wished he had connected some of the points he was making to Scripture a little more clearly.


    This book addressed the "justice" concern of some who don't agree with Calvinism very well, better than any other piece I've read on the subject. I like this quote:

    "The concept of justice incorporates all that is just. The concept of non-justice includes everything outside the concept of justice: injustice, which violates justice and is evil; and mercy, which does not violate justice and is not evil. God gives his mercy (non-justice) to some and leaves the rest to His justice. No one is treated with injustice. No one can charge that there is unrighteousness in God." pg. 187-188

    I thought that explained really well why it is not correct to say God is not just when He chooses to save only some. Like I said, this book overall explains Calvinism (and Reformed Theology) better than any other book I've read. Whether you are a Calvinist, or have just been confused by any points of Calvinism in the past, I think this is a great resource if you really want to understand the beliefs of Calvinism clearly.

    And as for Reformed Theology, the defining point touches on something I mentioned earlier - the distinction between unconditional election, and conditional election. Conditional election says that God calls those who He foresees will accept Him, and this is where that point gets sticky: who gives those people the ability to accept Jesus? Is it something good in themselves that allows people to accept Jesus? I'd have to say no - based on Scripture (many of the supporting Scriptures are shared in this book), it is the Holy Spirit who calls the believer and enables them to believe, and without the Holy Spirit working in us, none of us would believe. We'd go on choosing our sin. Unconditional election (which is what distinguishes Reformed Theology) says that it is nothing in ourselves that enables us to be saved, but it is by God's grace in working in us to enable us to seek Him and find Him.

    In case you think that is a nit-picky distinction, you should be aware that this book is very intellectual and breaks each doctrine down to its elements, which I found very interesting, and very well done (though it perhaps falls into debating things that aren't as important here and there as well). If you have ever wanted to know more about the basics of Christian doctrine and how we get those basics, and what the Reformation was all about, pick up this book for the first half. If/when you want to learn more about where Calvinism gets it's five points, dive into the second half of this book.

    I think I'll just wrap up this review with my favorite quote from this book:

    "I cannot adequately explain why I came to faith in Christ, and some of my friends did not. I can only look to the glory of God's grace toward me, a grace I did not deserve then and do not deserve now." pg. 177

    That's the bottom line, isn't it? For me, this book was a great reminder that it is not through any virtue of mine but only through His power and grace that I am saved, and that is a strikingly beautiful thing.

    Note: I received a copy of this book for free in exchange for a review. This is my honest opinion.

  5. Clay
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    A good basic understanding of Reformed Theology--What is Reformed Theology?
    October 15, 2016
    Quality: 5
    Value: 4
    Meets Expectations: 5
    Part theology, part history, part apologetic, and part refutation of Roman Catholic doctrine, Sproul lays out the basic beliefs that define the reformed faith.

    The book begins with an explanation of what theology is. From there Sproul goes on to enumerate what he calls the foundation stones of the reformed faith. Those stones as he sees them are: 1) Centered on God; 2) Based on Gods word alone; 3) Committed to faith alone; 4) Devoted to Jesus Christ; and 5) Structured by three covenants. Those three covenants are the covenant of redemption, the covenant of works, and the covenant of grace.

    Sproul finishes the book with an explanation of TULIP. If you dont know what that is, TULIP stands for total depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and the perseverance of the saints. The explanation of those five points takes up the second half of the book. These five points have come to be the defining marks of reformed theology although they are far from the only theological statements that define it.

    Throughout the book Sproul contrasts reformed theology with other systems of belief. He disagrees strongly with Roman Catholic theology but also takes exception to other Protestant forms as well. The struggle that the early church had with understanding who Christ was and that understandings outworking in the councils appears throughout the book.

    The book could be considered a basic primer on reformed theology although it does use a number of theological terms that will take some thought to understand. Sprouls style is easy to read and well though out. He may influence your opinion of reformed theology but most likely those who have at least a casual acquaintance with the belief system will use the book.
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