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Modern-day popes - like John Paul II - serve until death. But author Jon Sweeney tells the largely unknown story of a 13th century monk who, against his will, was elected pope and five months later nearly brought the papacy to its knees.
At the close of the tumultuous Middle Ages there lived a man who seemed destined from birth to save the world. His name was Peter Morrone, a monk and founder of a religious order. Depending on which story was told, Morrone was considered a reformer, an instigator, a prophet, a coward, a saint, and possibly a victim of murder. Sweeney weaves the tale of how a stroke of fate, practically overnight, transformed this humble servant of God into the most powerful man in the Catholic Church. Five months later, Pope Celestine V would be the only pope in history to abdicate the Chair of Peter. What lead him to make this decision and what happened afterward would be shrouded in mystery for centuries.
The Pope Who Quit pulls back the veil of secrecy on this dramatic time in history and showcases a story that involves deadly dealings, apocalyptic maneuverings and papal intrigue.
Number of Pages: 224
Vendor: Image Entertainment
|Publication Date: 2012|
At the close of the tumultuous Middle Ages, there lived a man who seemed destined from birth to save the world. His name was Peter Morrone, a hermit, a founder of a religious order, and, depending on whom you talk to, a reformer, an instigator, a prophet, a coward, a saint, and possibly the victim of murder. A stroke of fate would, practically overnight, transform this humble servant of God into the most powerful man in the Catholic Church. Half a year later, he would be the only pope in history to abdicate the chair of St. Peter, an act that nearly brought the papacy to its knees. What led him to make that decision and what happened afterward would be shrouded in mystery for centuries. The Pope Who Quit pulls back the veil of secrecy on this dramatic time in history and showcases a story that involves deadly dealings, apocalyptic maneuverings, and papal intrigue.
Q & A With Jon M. Sweeney
Most people believe that popes serve until death - like the modern popes. Why do you think this story of Pope Celestine V has been somewhat hidden in modern times?
Well, it has been hidden and then not-so-hidden. I mean, there have been novels and plays about a pope who quits. Morris West's The Clowns of God in 1981 spent twenty-two weeks on the New York Times Bestseller list in hardcover. Clearly, these stories are inspired by Celestine V - since he's the only pope who ever did. But, yes, people today don't tend to realize what it meant to be pope in the Middle Ages.
What did it mean to be pope, then?
It was quite a different job back then. In fact, it wasn't a job. It was a divine calling. To quit as pope in 1294, as Celestine did, was at least shocking, and then treasonous and blashemous to many. The pope was not simply a spiritual leader. That is a modern idea.
Who was this man who became Pope Celestine V? Where did he come from?
Peter Morrone, a hermit who lived in the mountains. He was in his eighties. He was a simple, simple man, who never desired or dreamed that he might be asked to be pope.
How did you conduct the research for this book?
I first encountered the name of Peter Morrone years ago while writing a book about Francis and Clare of Assisi. I wanted to come back to him again someday. So I was delighted by the opportunity to do that.
I spent two years writing The Pope Who Quit. I traveled to Rome and Naples and many places in between to see the sites for myself. And I spent thousands of hours in the library at Dartmouth College.
Do you think we'll ever know what truly happened to Pope Celestine V?
No. We know so little for sure about the people of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. For instance, scholars are still debating whether or not Geoffrey Chaucer - author of The Canterbury Tales - ever existed.
Pope Benedict XVI has confirmed that he would not hesitate to relinquish his post if he no longer felt "physically, psychologically and spiritually" up to the job. How do you think that would impact the Church?
Yes, isn't that amazing? He said that in a book of interviews published in late 2010. I think that book embarassed a lot of the members of the papal curia. They did not like their pope talking like a Celestine V!
If he were to ever step down, I think it would seriously rock the Church, just as Celestine V's abdication did long ago. But, that said, it could happen.
Some thought that Pope John Paul II should have stepped down, too, when he was ill. Do you agree?
I don't know, perhaps so. He certainly was no longer the administrative leader of the Church toward the end of his life. We know that for certain. Neither was Celestine V - and that is primarily why he stepped down.
The difference between the two is that in the television age a pope can lead by spiritual example, on television, inspiring the faithful. In the late thirteenth century, a pope could not lead in that way. A pope had to be strong - or else.
"Jon M. Sweeneys loving portrait of Celestine V is that rare work of history that also feeds the soul. Anyone interested in the collision of hope, despair, and faith will come away nourished." John L. Allen Jr., author of A People of Hope
"I have read several of Jon Sweeneys books, always with pleasure. He is a conscientious researcher, and a fine storyteller, with a wonderful gift for creating a sense of place and time. This time he tells the story of Celestine V, a hermit who was elected pope, then abdicated five months later. In The Pope Who Quit, Sweeney gives us a vivid snapshot of a tumultuous period in the history of the Catholic Church and Western Europe." Thomas J. Craughwell, author of Saints Preserved: An Encyclopedia of Relics
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