Caesar's defeat of Pompey in the Civil War (49-56 BC) paved the way for his dictatorship, his assasination, a decade of chaos and the emergence of his adopted son, Augustus, as the first emperor of Rome. A general of genius, Caesar was also one of the most vivid and powerful writers in Latin literature. His masterly narrative of the early part of Civil War is completed here by his lieutenants' accounts of the decisive campaigns outside Italy, which saw crucial battles in Munda in southern Spain and Thapsus in Tunisia and installed Cleopatra (later Caesar's mistress) on the throne of Egypt. Together they paint a full and surprisingly fair picture of the great struggle that brought Caesar supreme power - and led, only months later to his death. They also throw a unique light on the personality and actions of one of the most fascinating figures of the ancient world.
A military leader of legendary genius, Caesar was also a great writer, recording the events of his life with incomparable immediacy and power. The Civil War is a tense and gripping depiction of his struggle with Pompey over the leadership of Republican Rome - a conflict that spanned the entire Roman world, from Gaul and Spain to Asia and Africa. Where Caesar's own account leaves off in 48 BC, his lieutenants take up the history, describing the vital battles of Munda, Spain and Thapsus, and the installation of Cleopatra, later Caesar's mistress, as Queen of Egypt. Together these narratives paint a full picture of the events that brought Caesar supreme power - and paved the way for his assassination only months later.
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Gaius Julius Caesar was born in 100BC into an ancient patrician family. He was imprisoned for a time with his familly, for protesting against the then leadership of Sulla, but advanced slowly through the sixties rising to the rank of praetor and forming the 'first triumvirate' with Pompey and Crassus. Elected consul in 59BC, he then became Governor for Transalpine Gaul. After the death of Crassus and the defeat of Pompey in 45BC, Caesar returned to Rome as dictator. He was assassinated in March 44BC.
Jane Gardner received degrees in Classics from Glasgow and Oxford Universities and was Senior Lecturer in Classics at Reading University. She is the author of, among others, Women in Roman Law and Society and The Roman Household: A Sourcebook.
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