This is the book that turned modern culture upside-down. Affecting not just science but the humanities, government and even theology, this thesis was the result of years of observational science by Darwin, during which he observed changes within species and extrapolated the information to mean that changes between species could occur. Non-theological abrupt appearance, the logic of which is now disputed by some evolutionary scholars, and evolution (biological/organic, biochemical/chemical, and cosmic/stellar) are the main features of Darwin's conjecture, and both have been thoroughly refuted by reputable scientists in the century-and-a-half since it was published. Nevertheless, it remains the backbone of modern science, psychology, anthropology and sociology due to many factors not covered in the book itself.
While Darwin was the first to poke holes in his own hypothesis, it was still taken up by many who saw how his dehumanizing speculations could be applied to 'racial purity' and social theory, to name but a few of its historical applications, for their own humanistic purposes. Moreover, honest evolutionists have gone on record very clearly about a non-theistic faith being the necessary foundation for their worldviews and lifestyles, and evolution provides the intellectual basis for just such a religion in secular humanism. But, since this book is still at the base of much of western civilization, understanding the concept can be helpful in ascertaining many of the evolution-based problems of society.
Now Christians know better, but a hundred years ago the faith of many was shaken by what seemed to be unequivocal refutation of the Bible's truth. Many people still labor under the assumption that whatever is taught in schools and colleges supersedes scriptural precedent. Still more don't know, understand, care, or want to upset the perceived societal status quo, and so choose not to speak out against evolution when basic knowledge of its claims could inform and solidify their faith. When an idea as influential as this is not checked it can undermine the morality, constitution, and collective faith of the nation.
Introduction by Edward J. Larson
Perhaps the most readable and accessible of the great works of scientific inquiry, The Origin of Species sold out its first printing on the very day it was published in 1859. Theologians quickly labeled Charles Darwin the most dangerous man in England and, as the Saturday Review noted, the uproar over the book quickly "passed beyond the bounds of the study and lecture-room into the drawing-room and the public street." Based largely on Darwins experience as a naturalist while on a five-year voyage aboard H. M. S. Beagle, The Origin of Species set forth a theory of evolution and natural selection that challenged contemporary beliefs about divine providence and the immutability of species. This Modern Library edition includes a Foreword by the Pulitzer Prizewinning science historian Edward J. Larson, an introductory historical sketch, and a glossary Darwin later added to the original text.
CHARLES ROBERT DARWIN was born in 1809 in Shrewsbury, England, to a wealthy intellectual family, his grandfather being the famous physician Erasmus Darwin. At Cambridge University he formed a friendship with J. S. Henslow, a professor of botany, and that association, along with his enthusiasm for collecting beetles, led to “a burning zeal,” as he wrote in his Autobiography, for the natural sciences. When Henslow obtained for him the post of naturalist on H.M.S. Beagle, the course of his life was fixed. The five-year-long voyage to the Southern Hemisphere between 1831 and 1836 would lay the foundation for his ideas about evolution and natural selection. Upon his return Darwin lived in London before retiring to his residence at Down, a secluded village in Kent. For the next forty years he conducted his research there and wrote the works that would change human understanding forever. Knowing of the resistance from the orthodox scientific and religious communities, Darwin published The Origin of Species in 1859 only when another naturalist, Alfred Russel Wallace, independently reached the same conclusions. His other works include The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871) and Recollections of My Mind and Character, also titled Autobiography (1887). Charles Darwin’s Diary of the Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle was published posthumously in 1933. Darwin died in 1882; he is buried in Westminster Abbey.