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The Greek of the Septuagint: A Supplemental Lexicon
While those who have learned the Greek of the New Testament possess the grammatical skills necessary to read Septuagint Greek, the vocabulary found in the Septuagint differs sufficiently from both NT and Classical Greek to such a degree that a specialized lexicon is essential.
Designed to supplement the BDAG, Chamberlain's lexical expertise provided here, lists definitions and lexical information for more than 5,000 Septuagint words not found in the New Testament, detailed discussions of contextual word meanings, Hebrew equivalents, and mistranslations, variant words not found in standard lexicons, and much more.
|Title: The Greek of the Septuagint: A Supplemental Lexicon|
By: Gary Alan Chamberlain
Number of Pages: 304
Vendor: Hendrickson Publishers
Publication Date: 2011
|Dimensions: 9.50 X 7.25 X 1.0 (inches)|
Weight: 1 pound 11 ounces
Stock No: WW37410
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An Essential Addition to any Greek New Testament Lexicon
For New Testament students and scholars who want to fully exegete the Septuagint, this lexicon will be a welcome addition to their libraries. Used in conjunction with the New Testament (NT) lexicon they already possess, The Greek of the Septuagint: A Supplemental Lexicon will bridge the gap with additional information that's needed to translate the Septuagint.
While those who have learned the Greek of the New Testament possess the grammatical skills necessary to read Septuagint Greek, the vocabulary found in the Septuagint differs sufficiently from both that found in the NT and that found in Classical Greek, so that a specialized lexicon is not just of great help, but essential.
• Provides definitions and vital lexical information for over 5,000 Septuagint words not found in the NT
• Offers supplemental information on over 1,000 additional words that have unique Septuagint meanings not covered in NT lexicons
• Contains detailed discussions of special, contextual word meanings, Hebrew word equivalents, and Septuagint mistranslations of the Hebrew original
• Includes a number of Septuagint variant words not found in standard classical and Septuagint lexicons
• Includes helpful appendices that list classical parallels to Septuagint words, unique Septuagint words, words first used in the Septuagint, and mistranslated words
• A detailed cross reference index charts the places where Septuagint biblical references (chapter and verse numbering) differ from that found in the Hebrew and English Bibles
"This volume is a lexicon of words from the LXX, utilizing the Rahlfs (though not the more recent Rahlfs-Hanhart) and Gottingen editions, as well as Hatch and Redpath's concordance. It is billed as "supplemental" in that it treats terms not found in the NT / BDAG (5,000 words) and some words that are found in BDAG, but that have distinct LXX usages (1,000 words).
"Throughout his preface and introduction, Chamberlain exhibits concern that the reader recognizes the commonality of LXX vocabulary throughout the ancient world. He also repeatedly voices his interest in the meaning of words "to a non-Jewish Hellenistic reader" (viii, xii-xv), a distinction that may be helpful if it were more fully explained. He also claims an "indisputable" conclusion that the LXX "offers no evidence for any Jewish-Greek dialect in Biblical times" (xvii). This statement appears to broach an old debate, but does little to clarify and seems out of place in a lexicon. More appropriate for a lexicon is a clear statement on lexicographical methodology, as one finds in, e.g., Muraoka, but which is absent here. Most of Chamberlain's definitions are translational equivalents or glosses rather than true definitions that are explanatory in nature.
"The lexicon itself is helpfully concise. It provides an English gloss with various notations regarding overlap with Classical usages, the occasional parsing helps, and various other features addressed more fully in the appendices. The first appendix is a set of nine word lists of: (1) "precise parallels"--words in "extrabiblical texts" closely comparable to LXX usages cited in the lexicon; (2) transliterated words; words either (3) unique to the LXX or (4) first occurring in the LXX; (5) words with LXX meanings that have no parallel meaning in "secular" Greek; (6) "stereotypical" terms-words used consistently for a single Hebrew term regardless of semantic range; (7) "mistranslations"; (8) textual variants (based on Rahlfs); and (9) "textual conjectures" --words that suggest an "emendation of MT for the underlying Hebrew" (presumably a different Vorlage).
"The second appendix is a "Comparative Index of Words in This Lexicon and BDAG." Here Chamberlain distinguishes between words covered in BDAG but excluded in his lexicon, words unique to his lexicon not found in BDAG, words treated in BDAG but bearing unique usages in the LXX (and therefore covered in the present lexicon). The third appendix gives a comparison of LXX books with English Bible books with respect to their titles, but also provides a handy chart for where referencing discrepancies exist between the English translations (based on the MT) and LXX.
Chamberlain himself suggests that the chief value of this volume with regard to LXX lexicography is its positing of a taxonomy of categories (xii). This is indeed a helpful step, though his nomenclature and points of delineation require more substantial engagement with current Septuagintal lexicographical discussion. The appendices are welcome reference tools. Yet it remains unclear why one would not simply use a LXX lexicon, such as J. Lust (J. Lust, E. Eynikel, K. Hauspie, A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint, rev. ed. [Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2003]) or T. Muraoka (A Greek English Lexicon of the Septuagint [Lueven: Peeters, 2009]). These remain the indispensable lexicons for the LXX."
--Andrews Seminary Seminary Studies
--New Testament Abstracts
--The Bible Today
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