This is a book about "Women's History." The author presents her theoretical argument. Lerner has attempted to record what women have accomplished and experienced in history. Women have been neglected and the history has been written and interpreted by historians who have been men. Lerner developes ten propositions. Some of them are: "The appropriation by men of women's sexual and reproductive capacity occurred prior to the formation of private property and class society." "Men learned to institute dominance and hierarchy over other people by their earlier practice of dominance over the women of their own group." She writes about the Near Eastern goddesses and the dominate male god. Lerner than looks at Hebrew monotheism and how it views fertilitygoddesses.
A major new work by a leading historian and pioneer in women's studies, The Creation of Patriarchy is a radical reconceptualization of Western civilization that makes gender central to its analysis. Gerda Lerner argues that male dominance over women is not "natural" or biological, but the product of an historical development begun in the second millennium B.C. in the Ancient Near East. As patriarchy as a system of organizing society was established historically, she contends, it can also be ended by the historical process.
Focusing on the contradiction between women's central role in creating society and their marginality in the meaning-giving process of definition and interpretation, Lerner explores such fascinating questions as: What can account for women's exclusion from the historical process? What could explain the long delay--more than 3,500 years--in women's coming to consciousness of their own subordinate position? She goes back to the cultures of the earliest known civilizations--those of the ancient Near East--to discover the origins of the major gender metaphors of Western civilization. Using historical, literary, archaeological, and artistic evidence, she then traces the development of these ideas, symbols, and metaphors and their incorporation into Western civilization as the basis of patriarchal gender relations.
Gerda Lerner, Robinson-Edwards Professor of History and Senior Distinguished Research Professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, is the author of eight books, including Black Women in White America and The Majority Finds Its Past: Placing Women in History. She is the recipient of the AAUW Achievement Award for 1986 and was past president of the Organization of American Historians.
"Excellent and worthwhile for a course on status and gender."--Prof. Hedrich, UCSanta Cruz
"Lerner places the patriarchal issues in a larger historical context--which is absolutely necessary for understanding how patriarchy functioned in ancient Israel, and how it finds expression in the Hebrew Scriptures."--Alice L. Laffey, College of the Holy Cross
"A provocative and challenging interpretation of the historical subordination of women."--The History Teacher
"Lerner's work represents a significant step forward in the development of the feminist critique of the patriarchal edifice of knowledge and the writing of women's history....A very serious, provocative and important book."--America
"An important book, worthy of careful study."--A.D. Kilmer, University of California, Berkeley
"May well be the most important work in feminist theory to appear in our generation."--New Directions for Women
"History in the grand mode....[It] should be on everyone's reading list."--The Women's Review of Books
"This book dramatically reopens a chapter of women's history that historians had thought was forever closed to them--the origins of the collective dominance of women by men."--Kathryn Kish Sklar, State University of New York, Binghamton
"Written by one of the most brilliant historians of our era, this book dramatically reopens a chapter of women's history that historians had thought was forever closed to them--the origins of the collective dominance of women by men. Its evidence is fascinating, its arguments compelling, and its conclusions full of significance for our time as well as the distant past."--Kathryn Kish Sklar, University of California, Los Angeles
"A magnificent achievement."--William Chafe, Duke University