A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament
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A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament

Kregel Publications / 2016 / Hardcover

In Stock
CBD Stock No: WW443828


Product Description

A powerful, time-saving resource for readers of the Novum Testamentum Graece---designed to streamline and enhance the language-immersion process. Irons's guide provides brief explanations of syntactical features; suggests translations for difficult passages; identifies Hebraic constructions, Semitic inferences, and Septuagintisms; and more---allowing you to interact with the Greek with minimal interruption and maximum understanding. 608 pages, 5" x 7.5" hardcover from Kregel.

Product Information

Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 608
Vendor: Kregel Publications
Publication Date: 2016
ISBN: 0825443822
ISBN-13: 9780825443824

Product Reviews

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  1. The Geeky Calvinist
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    Highly Useful Aid
    May 3, 2017
    The Geeky Calvinist
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 4
    The study of the original language of scripture is a lost art in the study of the Bible. Yet it is one area that sorely needs correction to understand the depths of the Word of God. As a minister to children, youth, and families I prepare an average of six gospel messages a week, a process which takes most of my work week. Yet when I neglect a study of the original languages the gospel messages suffer because there is a noticeable lack of depth missing due to this neglect.

    Now granted this process can require many extra hours to the preparation time. But if I have a lexical aid the process is greatly simplified. While there many, many lexical aids on the market currently, some try to accomplish too much, some to little, lacking any scope at all.

    A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament by Charles Irons and produced by Kregel Publications is the perfect median. Iron's work on the Greek New Testament is not a verse by verse exposition, yet this limited scope is the best approach to lexical aids, focusing on the important and problematic words. Some may see this limiting scope as problematic, yet the limited scope makes this work manageable and useful. Furthermore this aid is not only useful to the pastor alone, the Greek scholar will also find this tool invaluable. I wish I had this tool a few years ago when I started to study Greek.

    In addition, while I usually do not comment on the binding of a product, this product's binding is spectacular. Most lexical aids for the original languages are paperback yet this aid is a durable hardback which will extend the life of this excellent work. With all of these positive elements in this lexical aid, I highly recommend Irons' work to all pastors and students of the original languages. The one caveat is, there are a few places in which I disagree with Irons interpretation of meaning for a number of works, yet his logic is internally consistent and his orthodoxy is sound, making this one of the few works that can be turned to in any circumstance.

    This book was provided to me free of charge from Kregel Publications in exchange for an unbiased, honest review.

    A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament

    2016 by Charles Irons

    Publisher: Kregel Publications

    Page Count: 608 Pages

    ISBN: 978-0825443824
  2. GJorgeMedina
    Houston, TX
    Age: 35-44
    Gender: male
    3 Stars Out Of 5
    Useful, but may be too brief and Bibliography a little dated
    January 19, 2017
    GJorgeMedina
    Houston, TX
    Age: 35-44
    Gender: male
    Quality: 4
    Value: 3
    Meets Expectations: 2
    Book Review: A Syntax Guide for Readers of the Greek New Testament

    by Charles Irons

    Similar cover and format to Philip Wesley Comfort's A Commentary on the Manuscripts and Text of the New Testament. You will get added benefit if you keep both volumes handy as you study the Greek New Testament. In fact, I would have loved to have both volumes combined into one somehow. This is intermediate Greek and it may not be helpful for the beginning student of Koine Greek; however, I would not have it too far away when preparing a sermon based on a New Testament text. There's much to like in the volume, although many times I wished the author would go into greater detail. I wonder if the publishers limited him a little too much, in order to match the size and layout of the aforementioned volume (and probably Comfort also got limited to the standards of this series). Yes, the aim is to help the intermediate student read through the New Testament with minimal interruptions, but let's face it, we still have to have our Greek New Testament open and this volume (along with Comfort's), so the interruptions are present no matter what; given that, I'd love a little more detail.

    The book needs to update its Bibliography to current NT Greek linguistic discussions/intermediate grammars to be more accurate and, therefore, useful to the Seminary student; otherwise, they may get blindsided by more current research not present in this brief tome.

    IDEA: The resource is recommended, though perhaps the best place for the information would be as notes (along with Comfort's book) in a Reader's Greek New Testament. THEN, the interruptions to the reader would be truly minimal.

    3/5 Stars

    Disclosure: The book was received for free from Kregel Academic & Ministry review program. The program does not require a positive review, only a truthful one.

  3. Jason Gardner
    Age: 35-44
    Gender: male
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    A Handy Guide
    January 3, 2017
    Jason Gardner
    Age: 35-44
    Gender: male
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 5
    Kregel continues to provide very helpful volumes on the many avenues of studying Greekthe various readers lexica (NT [Burer and Miller], Apostolic Fathers [Wallace], LXX [Jobes]), textual criticism (Philip Comforts A Commentary on the Manuscripts and Text of the New Testament), and now syntax of the GNTenter the new volume by Charles Lee Irons. Id be lying if I said I didnt appreciate that this volume measures up identically to Comforts volume. Aesthetical considerations are always important to mewho among us doesnt appreciate the visual bliss of seeing the Loeb Classical Library series arranged just so? However, as Ive noted before, its whats on the inside that makes most books worth your investment, so on to the content.

    Irons states that the primary purpose of this book, obviously deduced from the title, is to assist readers of the Greek New Testament by providing brief explanations of intermediate and advanced syntactical features of the Greek text (7). He further states that this volume doesnt merely duplicate other works, such as the aforementioned readers lexicon by Burer and Miller or the readers edition of the GNT (those by Zondervan and DBG), but rather to build upon them. The goal is to help readers make sense of the Greek text at a level of linguistic communication one step higher than the word to the syntactical level of the phrase, clause, or sentence (7). All of this is geared toward the ultimate goal of facilitating the regular reading of the Greek text, which in turn (it is hoped) will lead reading of larger sections of Greek text (8). So, the question then is, does this book accomplish the intended goal/s? In sum, yesthese goals are met (to varying degrees depending on the reader).

    The book proceeds through the text canonically, so no genre-oriented groupings or other arrangement schemes. Each canonical book is likewise handled sequentially in terms of the verses addressedIrons goes one verse at a time. This is expected since the goal is to provide information about syntactical features present in a particular text rather than offer commentary or extended exegetical discussions. Each verse, then, follows a standard formatlocation (book chapter and verse number), Greek text in which the element discussed if found, brief explanation of said element, and various parenthetical references (this depends of the nature of the element at hand). The entries vary in length and detail depending on the complexity of the particular element in question.

    Irons organization of the material makes it as easy as possible for readers to find information on a particular text, but also is arranged (akin to the textual apparatus in the UBS5/NA28) in a manner that keeps one element distinguishable from another. Its also worth noting the useful element found in the back matterthe subject index. Here, Irons provides a list of numerous syntactical elements, all arranged alphabetically. For example, under the group DISCOURSE STRUCTURE, Irons includes asyndeton, coordination for subordination, parenthesis, and period. For each of these examples, he provides a reference to a text in which that particular element appears. While obviously not an exhaustive list of syntactical examples, those listed are plentiful and will provide a most helpful guide to locating them in the Greek NT.

    Doubtlessly, some will disagree with a particular categorization of one thing or another; however, I would be surprised if those disagreements numbered beyond the point at which the book is useful. If thats the case, then certainly other volumes are available that will meet whatever needs this one does not. Suffice it to say, Irons has provided a most helpful resource for those looking for something to help them grapple with (and ultimately understand) various syntactical elements in the Greek NT. It will not supplant texts whose design is to be more thorough and exhaustive (e.g., Wallaces Greek Grammar beyond the Basics; BDF); it will, though, serve as a handy reference to the less intensive task of reading the text.
  4. SnickerdoodleSarah
    Gender: female
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    A help for those who wish to become better readers of the Greek New Testament
    December 12, 2016
    SnickerdoodleSarah
    Gender: female
    Quality: 5
    Value: 4
    Meets Expectations: 4
    A Syntax Guide For Readers of the New Testament by Charles Lee Irons is a nice addition to one's NT Greek tools library. It is not a stand-alone tool, but meant to be used with other lexical aids. Irons notes that, "This Syntax Guide does not duplicate the help provided by such tools. Rather, it picks up where these other tools leave off" and "presupposes their use" The introduction explains that in this guide, "select cases, glosses and parsing are not the focus". Rather, in some places it gives specific explanations of "syntactical, clause-level features".

    There is a chapter for each book of the New Testament, and each book is divided into chapters and each chapter has a list of select verse references from that chapter and next to the reference there may be a section of the Greek wording of the verse and some comments . Some of the verses only have a brief suggested translation without any grammatical comments, I give an example below:

    (Note: I've attempted - probably not very well - to transliterate the Greek words which are actually presented in Greek font in this book)

    1 Cor. 1:22, "Epeideh kai = 'for indeed'"

    And other verses are dealt with more in depth:

    "4:23 [erketai hora kai nun estin = 'an hour is coming and is now here,' erketai is ingressive-futuristic present (W 537) ] kai gar = 'for indeed' ] ha patair toioutous zatei tous proskunountas auton = 'the father is seeking such people to worship him' (ESV), 'the Father wants people of this kind as his worshipers' (ZG)"

    At first I was a bit disappointed that it is not more detailed, and still am. But again, as the intro explains, this guide is not meant to be a stand-alone resource, but rather used along with a parsing guide or other similar tools. Irons wants to encourage people to read the Greek NT as a whole instead of merely tiny portions of it, and created this tool with that idea in mind. In this book Irons tries to eliminate the "need to stop and look up intermediate, advanced or unusual grammatical features of the Greek text". Irons believes that a very good way to truly learn NT Greek is to familiarize oneself with the text by reading through large portions of it or preferably the whole NT.

    I think that that is a good idea and it makes sense, that simply reading through the Greek New Testament will build up one's skill in a more natural way than just memorizing individual Greek words and tenses, verb forms..etc. Even having to look things up in a parsing guide and a syntax guide almost every step of the way will build one's knowledge over time.

    At the end of the book is an index of subjects where you may look up many of the verses (it's not exhaustive) by their grammatical form, for instance, under "ACCUSATIVE" you may look up verses that are "adverbial accusative", or under "NOMINATIVE" you may look up verses under the section "qualitative predicate nominative". You may find the adjectival genitive section, or pluperfect periphrasitic - (I'm still only a beginner in Koine Greek so at the moment many of those terms don't make any sense yet). There is also section in the index that lists verses that have "Septuagintisms" - which I find interesting as I have been doing some study on the Septuagint, its history and its quotation in the NT.

    It is an interesting and handy work for students of Greek who wish to start building up their ability to easily read and comprehend Koine Grk.

    Many thanks to the folks at Kregel Academic for sending me a free review copy of this book! (My review did not have to be favorable)
  5. PASTOR JIM GRAY
    3 Stars Out Of 5
    Fair at Best
    December 3, 2016
    PASTOR JIM GRAY
    Quality: 3
    Value: 3
    Meets Expectations: 2
    A SYNTAX GUIDE FOR READERS OF THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENT by Charles Lee Irons [Grand Rapids MI, Kregel Academic, 2016] 629 pages.

    This is a syntax guide, not a manuscript variant. It does not deal with variants, although a few significant ones are pointed out. He generally accepts the critical textthe Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graeceas written. Facts about this guide:

    1. Its purpose is to providing brief explanations and syntactical and translation features of the text.

    2. The notes are brief and concise and in some cases limited.

    3. It is not written to compete with or replace larger works on the subject.

    4. It is designed to encourage the reading of the Greek text.

    5. The translation is from taken from the modern translations, not the King James Version. A weakness I believe.

    6. It endeavors to show various ways the Greek text, especially particles and preposition can be taken.

    7. He admits that he uses at times his own terms for the usual ones (p. 10).

    8. A helpful index is included at the end, to show where certain parts of speech are used in the text (i.e. accusative, etc).

    9. He refers to additional resources in some text.

    In using it with the Greek text, first I must acknowledge that the critical text is not my first choice of the Greek texts (although I used it at times). In going though John here are some personal observations:

    It generally was helpful as a guide. But is more of a quick reference.

    It was too concise at times with no resources given for those who want more explanation of the options (cf. Jn 1:3). Although He does give options without comment. Which is normally the case.

    Those verses in which additional information is pointed to are older works, omitting the newer ones [i.e. Mounce].

    However, it does touch on the key issue of syntax with various degrees of help.

    Much of what I found is already available in other works and/or a good lexicon. While this work may be helpful to the beginning Greek student, it fails to be ready helpful or meet the needs of the more advance student or Pastor. At times, it is difficult to understand. If you have Wallace, Mounce, or even good exegetical commentaries, I would past on this volume. In my opinion it is not needed, nor does it fully meet it purpose.

    I was given a review copy by the publisher Kregel Academic in exchange for a fair and honest review.

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