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Edwin A. Judge is one Australia's most famous academics. After studying at Cambridge, Professor Judge moved to Sydney University and then on to Macquarie where he was appointed the first professor in Ancient History. For twenty-five years, and since his retirement, he has been a leader in Ancient History and the study of Early Christianity. He has published widely (over 400 articles, books, and essays) and served as editor of the Journal of Religious History.
|Format: DRM Protected ePub|
Vendor: Baker Academic
Publication Date: 2007
What is it that made the work of Judge in 1960 and in subsequent years so important? Judge was the first in scholarship after the mid-twentieth century to clarify early Christian ideals about society by defining what the social institutions of the broader cultural context were and how they influenced the social institutions of the early Christian communities. Judge points out that earlier scholars had entered into this field of inquiry, but that, in general, they failed due to the lack of careful definitions of the Greco-Roman social institutions at the time based on a thorough use of the primary sources.
Thus, Judge was the "new founder" ( a turning point in scholarship) of what came to be called social-scientific criticism of the New Testament. Social-scientific criticism is the term in scholarship that refers to the use of social realities (e.g. institutions, class, factors of community organization) in the critical study of literary sources available (this is an advance over "merely" literary and traditional historical questions).
David M. Scholer (1938-2008) was professor of New Testament and associate dean of the Center for Advanced Theological Studies, School of Theology, at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, California. He published Nag Hammadi Bibliography 1949-1969, Nag Hammadi Bibliography 1970-1994, A Basic Bibliographic Guide for New Testament Exegesis, The Caring God, and many other items. He was also known for his work on women in the New Testament.
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