The flashes of farce and general comic exuberance which enlivened Huckleberry Finn are sustained in this later work; but the mood is altogether more restless and critical. Twain uses certain stock characters adn devices, such as the sardonic cracker-barrel philosopher, the scoundrel unmaskd, and the substitution of babies, to build up a complex, ironical and morally disturbing account of human nature under slavery.
At the beginning of Pudd'nhead Wilson a young slave woman, fearing for her infant's son's life, exchanges her light-skinned child with her master's. From this rather simple premise Mark Twain fashioned one of his most entertaining, funny, yet biting novels. On its surface, Pudd'nhead Wilson possesses all the elements of an engrossing nineteenth-century mystery: reversed identities, a horrible crime, an eccentric detective, a suspenseful courtroom drama, and a surprising, unusual solution. Yet it is not a mystery novel. Seething with the undercurrents of antebellum southern culture, the book is a savage indictment in which the real criminal is society, and racial prejudice and slavery are the crimes. Written in 1894, Pudd'nhead Wilson glistens with characteristic Twain humor, with suspense, and with pointed irony: a gem among the author's later works.
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