A challenge to traditional ways of understanding Paul is sounded here. Stendahl proposes new ways of exploring Paul's speech: Paul must be heard as one who speaks of his call rather than his conversion, of justification rather than forgiveness, of weakness rather than sin, of love rather than integrity, and in unique rather than universal language. The title essay is complemented by the paper, "Paul and the Introspective Conscience of the West," and by two explora tions called, "Judgment and Mercy," and "Glossolalia--The New Testament Evidence." The book concludes with Stendahl's pointed reply to Ernst Kasemann, who has taken issue with Stendahl's revolutionary interpretations. This book offers new ways for viewing Paul. Krister Stendahl is Bishop of Stockholm, Sweden, and former Dean of Harvard Divinity School.