Don E. Fehrenbacher, editor. Abraham Lincoln, America's heroic Civil War president, was also the greatest writer ever to occupy the White House. His addresses at Gettysburg and at his inaugurals, his presidential messages and public letters are an essential record of the Civil War and have forever shaped the nation's memories of it. This volume, the second of two, collects writings from 1859 to 1865 and contains speeches, messages, proclamations, letters, memoranda, and fragments. They record the words and deeds-the order to resupply Fort Sumter, the emancipation of the slaves held in the Confederacy, and proposals to offer the South generous terms of reconstruction-by which he hoped to defend and preserve the Union. A companion volume contains writings from 1832-1858. "A momentous and thrilling addition to any private library." -Alfred Kazin, The New York Times Book Review.