Four Views of Salvation in a Pluralistic World
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Number of Pages: 288
Publication Date: 1996
Dimensions: 8 X 5.31 (inches)
Series: Counterpoints: Bible and Theology
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Five Views on Law and GospelGreg Bahnsen, Walter C. Kaiser Jr., Douglas J. Moo, Wayne G. StricklandZondervan / 1996 / Trade Paperback$16.99 Retail:
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Religious pluralism is the greatest challenge facing Christianity in today's Western culture. The belief that Christ is the only way to God is being challenged, and increasingly Christianity is seen as just one among many valid paths to God.
In Four Views on Salvation in a Pluralistic World, four perspectives are presented by their major proponents:
- Normative Pluralism: All ethical religions lead to God (John Hick)
- Inclusivism: Salvation is universally available, but is established by and leads to Christ (Clark Pinnock)
- Salvation in Christ: Agnosticism regarding those who haven't heard the gospel (Alister McGrath)
- Salvation in Christ Alone: Salvation depends on explicit personal faith in Jesus Christ alone (R. Douglas Geivett and W. Gary Phillips)
This book allows each contributor to not only present the case for his view, but also to critique and respond to the critiques of the other contributors.
The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different viewsboth Christian and non-Christianon important theological issues.
Stanley N. Gundry is executive vice president and editor-in-chief for the Zondervan Corporation. He has been an influential figure in the Evangelical Theological Society, serving as president of ETS and on its executive committee, and is adjunct professor of Historical Theology at Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. He is the author of seven books and has written many articles appearing in popular and academic periodicals.Dennis L. Okholm (PhD, Princeton) is professor of theology at Azusa Pacific University. Until his death in 2000, Phillips (Ph.D., Vanderbilt University) was associate professor of historical and systematic theology at Wheaton College. John Hick is a Fellow of the Institute for Advanced Research in Arts and Social Sciences at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom. He has taught philosophy of religion at Cornell University, Princeton Theological Seminary, and the Claremont Graduate University in California, as well as Cambridge and Birmingham Universities in the United Kingdom. He is the author of sixteen and editor of nine books, and his writings have been translated into sixteen languages. He gave the Gifford Lectures in 1986-87 and received the Grawemeyer Award for significant new thinking in religion in 1991. Clark H. Pinnockwas professor of theology at McMaster Divinity College. Alister E. McGrath is a historian, biochemist, and Christian theologian born in Belfast, Northern Ireland. McGrath, a longtime professor at Oxford University, now holds the Chair in theology, ministry, and education at the University of London. He is the author of several books on theology and history, including Christianitys Dangerous Idea; In the Beginning, and The Twilight of Atheism. He lives in Oxford, England and lectures regularly in the United States. Doug Geivett is a professor of philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, Biola University. Dr. Geivett served as the college pastor of a church in Washington and the Church of the Open Door in Southern California.
David R. Bess3 Stars Out Of 5March 9, 2002David R. BessHaving studied these four views previously, I was disappointed after finishing this particular title. All of these authors could have made their arguments much more concise and readable, but none of them chose to do so.Hick basically states that many different religions lead to the same God. Pinnock holds that salvation in Christ may be found through other religions. McGrath asserts salvation is only found in a relationship with Christ, and persons who have had no chance to enter that relationship might receive God's mercy in some unknown way. Geivett and Phillips maintain salvation is only found in a relationship with Christ, and persons who have had no chance to enter that relationship will spend eternity separated from God.This book could have and should have been written in such a manner to appeal to the average layperson. These individuals are the ones who struggle with these issues and want to be better informed. Instead, all of these essays are directed towards other scholars. The overly-technical manner in which they are written will not appeal to most persons without professional theological training.For pastors and well-versed teachers, this book provides a helpful summary of four current views on salvation. For everyone else, this volume will be confusing and hard to follow.