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Zondervan / 1996 / Paperback

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Product Description

Is hell literally a place of eternal smoke and flames? Does God annihilate wicked souls rather than punish them endlessly? Ideal for comparing and contrasting, this forum evenhandedly presents, critiques, and defends the literal, metaphorical, conditional, and purgatorial views on hell. Contributors include John Walvoord, William Crockett, Zachary Hayes, and Clark Pinnock. 190 pages, softcover from Zondervan.

Product Information

Format: Paperback
Number of Pages: 190
Vendor: Zondervan
Publication Date: 1996
Dimensions: 8 X 5.31 (inches)
ISBN: 0310212685
ISBN-13: 9780310212683
UPC: 025986212681
Series: Counterpoints: Bible and Theology

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Publisher's Description

Most contemporary Christians acknowledge the doctrine of hell, but they’d rather not think about how God punishes the wicked. The authors of Four Views on Hell meet this subject head-on with different views on what the Scriptures say. Is hell to be understood literally as a place of eternal smoke and flames? Or are such images simply metaphors for a real but different form of punishment? Is there such a thing as "conditional immortality," in which God annihilates the souls of the wicked rather than punishing them endlessly? Is there a Purgatory, and if so, how does it fit into the picture? The interactive Counterpoints forum allows the reader to see the four views on hell—literal, metaphorical, conditional, and purgatorial—in interaction with each other. Each view in turn is presented, critiqued, and defended. This evenhanded approach is ideal for comparing and contrasting views in order to form a personal conclusion about one of Christianity’s key doctrines. The Counterpoints series provides a forum for comparison and critique of different views on issues important to Christians. Counterpoints books address two categories: Church Life and Bible and Theology. Complete your library with other books in the Counterpoints series.

Author Bio

Stanley N. Gundry is executive vice president and editor-in-chief for the Zondervan Corporation. He has been an influential figure in the Evangelical Theological Society, serving as president of ETS and on its executive committee, and is adjunct professor of Historical Theology at Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. He is the author of seven books and has written many articles appearing in popular and academic periodicals.

William Crockett is professor of New Testament at Alliance Theological Seminary.
John F. Walvoord was president of Dallas Theological Seminary and author of numerous books on eschatology and theology. He held the A.M. degree from Texas Christian University in philosophy and the ThD degree from Dallas Theological Seminary in Systematic Theology.
Zachary J. Hayes is a retired teacher of theology at the Catholic Theological Union.
Clark H. Pinnockwas professor of theology at McMaster Divinity College.

Product Reviews

4.4 Stars Out Of 5
4.4 out of 5
4 out Of 5
(4 out of 5)
4 out Of 5
(4 out of 5)
Meets Expectations:
4 out Of 5
(4 out of 5)
of customers would recommend this product to a friend.
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  1. Ann
    4 Stars Out Of 5
    Required Reading
    November 7, 2011
    Quality: 4
    Value: 4
    Meets Expectations: 4
    We are auditing a college class on "Theology of Eternity," and this was required reading. Very interesting to read other views.
  2. stephen
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    March 14, 2010
    This book is very excellent, Especially, Author Clark Pinnock introduction Annihilationism that is very clear and encourage this doctrine is correct than traditional doctrine of eternal punishment, ifchristian believe GOD is good, BUT GOD punish the wicked is everlasting, this is very horrible. So I am this part of Clark Pinnock essay is vey detail and excellent.
  3. Jeremy Gardiner
    3 Stars Out Of 5
    April 10, 2007
    Jeremy Gardiner
    As I read through this book, there were times when I wanted to throw up. Clark Pinnkock (Annihilationist) ruins this book by uttering numerous blasphemies, claiming how sadistic and cruel God is if you don't accept his view. I hardly read a response by him where I didn't cringe. Walvoord (Literal) presents a bed-time story model of scripture--appealing to left behind fiction to prove why hell must be literal. Hayes & Crockett both present there cases well. Another downside is this book is plagued with Arminian though. Before reading this book, I did not have a clear position, althrough I leaned more towards the metaphoric view. After reading the book, I'm convinced the metaphroic view is the best exegete of scripture.
  4. David R. Bess
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    March 3, 2002
    David R. Bess
    This book accomplishes its objective of presenting four differing views on hell. A couple of the writers are more persuasive than their colleagues. This persuasiveness, however, stems more from the positions themselves rather than from the skill of the persons penning them.Walvoord begins with a simplistic, fundamentalist position of literal, eternal fire. Walvoord does a decent job of making his point. The issue is muddled, unfortunately, with the mantra of literal interpretation as the only method for persons who believe the Bible is inerrant. The connection with dispensationalism is apparent in the frequent, literal application of passages in Revelation.Crockett steps to the plate next with the metaphorical view. His presentation is the most convincing of the four, partially because of his skill but mainly because of the strength of the argument itself. Crockett sticks to the point and drives it home.Hayes takes his turn defending the purgatorial position. I was a bit surprised to find a serious consideration given to the idea of purgatory in a work of this nature. Hayes deserves credit for making a valiant attempt to communicate a Catholic belief to a predominantly Protestant audience. He offers little Scriptural support for his position, simply because there is little Scriptural support to be found.Pinnock concludes the presentations with his view of annihilation. Pinnock is not as convincing as Crockett, but gives some substantial Scriptural evidence and theological reasoning to support his position. Crockett does an excellent job of refuting Pinnock's argument in the brief response he offers.I intially planned to give this volume three or four stars, because at least two of the arguments presented are extremely weak. On second thought, however, the presentations are all fairly well done -- the problem is with the positions themselves. For anyone wanting a good overview of four doctrines of hell, I strongly recommend this book.
  5. David G. Price
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    March 30, 2000
    David G. Price
    Excellent book, if a little too brief. Most of the author's sections were superb, but Walvoord (with whom I agree on this subject)was too superficial and often missed the point of the other authors. He did a poor job defending the position, but his comments are a good starting point in understanding his view. Section on Purgatory was particularly interesting. Overall, a great addition to any library.
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