The Epistles of 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter: Newly Discovered Commentaries
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The Epistles of 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter: Newly Discovered Commentaries

IVP Academic / 2016 / Hardcover

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Stock No: WW829463


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The Epistles of 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter: Newly Discovered Commentaries represents the third volume from The Lightfoot Legacy, a three-volume set of previously unpublished material from J. B. Lightfoot, one of the great biblical scholars of the modern era. In the spring of 2013, Ben Witherington III discovered hundreds of pages of biblical commentary by Lightfoot in the Durham Cathedral Library. While incomplete, these commentaries represent a goldmine for historians and biblical scholars, as well as for the many people who have found Lightfoot's work both informative and edifying, deeply learned and pastorally sensitive.

In addition to the material on the Acts of the Apostles and the Gospel of St. John, published in volumes one and two, respectively, there were fragments on 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter. Lightfoot was well known as a Pauline expert given his commentaries on Galatians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon, and fragments of his work on Romans, 1 Corinthians, Ephesians, and 1 and 2 Thessalonians were published posthumously. It is therefore a delight to have his notes on 2 Corinthians available for the first time. Lightfoot was also interested in the life and work of Peter. The introduction to his commentary on 1 Peter provides insightful analysis of the chronology and context of the epistle. Lightfoot seeks to demonstrate that Peter knew Paul's work and that these two great apostles were in harmony regarding theology and ethics.

Now complete, these three commentary volumes reveal a scholar well ahead of his time, one of the great minds of his or any generation.

Product Information

Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 400
Vendor: IVP Academic
Publication Date: 2016
Dimensions: 9 X 6 (inches)
ISBN: 0830829466
ISBN-13: 9780830829460
Series: Lightfoot Legacy

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Author Bio

Joseph Barber Lightfoot (18281889), also known as J. B. Lightfoot, was an English theologian, preacher, canon of St Paul's Cathedral and bishop of Durham. His writings include essays on biblical and historical subject matter, commentaries on Pauline epistles and studies on the Apostolic Fathers as well as four posthumously published volumes of sermons. Lightfoot attended King Edward’s School in Birmingham before attending Trinity College in Cambridge where he was elected a Fellow of his college. He became a tutor of Trinity College in 1857 and later a professor of divinity, editing the from 1854 to 1859. In 1871, Lightfoot became canon of St. Paul’s Cathedral, preaching regularly and participating in various ecclesiastical activities. He gained enormous popularity for his work a defense of the New Testament in response to Walter Richard Cassel’s In 1870, Lightfoot became Bishop of Durham, where he continued his theological study, writing, and preaching. Lightfoot wrote commentaries on Galatians, Philippians and Colossians and Philemon, and his newly discovered commentary notes on Acts, John, 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter are being published in the three-volume Lightfoot Legacy set. Ben Witherington III (PhD, University of Durham) is Jean R. Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary. A prominent evangelical scholar, he is also on the doctoral faculty at St. Andrews University in Scotland. Witherington has written over forty books, including and both of which were selected as top biblical studies works by His other works include , , , and commentaries on the entire New Testament. He also writes for many church and scholarly publications and is a frequent contributor to and . Witherington is an elected member of the prestigious Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas, a society dedicated to New Testament studies. He is a John Wesley Fellow for Life, a research fellow at Cambridge University and a member of numerous professional organizations, including the Society of Biblical Literature, Society for the Study of the New Testament and the Institute for Biblical Research. He previously taught at institutions like Ashland Theological Seminary, Vanderbilt University, Duke Divinity School and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. An ordained pastor in the United Methodist Church and a popular lecturer, Witherington has presented seminars for churches, colleges and biblical meetings around the world. He has led numerous study tours through the lands of the Bible and is known for bringing the text to life through incisive historical and cultural analysis. Along with many interviews on radio and television networks across the country, Witherington has been seen in programs such as , , and the Peter Jennings ABC special . Todd D. Still (PhD, University of Glasgow) serves as Charles J. and Eleanor McLerran DeLancey Dean and the William M. Hinson Professor of Christian Scriptures at the George W. Truett Theological Seminary of Baylor University. He previously occupied the Bob D. Shepherd Chair of New Testament Interpretation at Gardner-Webb University's School of Divinity and served on faculty at Dallas Baptist University. In addition to numerous articles, reviews and Bible study materials, Still is the author of , coauthored with Bruce W. Longenecker, , and . He has also coedited (with David Wilhite) and (with David G. Horrell). Beyond the classroom, Still is committed to and involved in local churches. A licensed and ordained Baptist minister, he has had the opportunity to preach and teach in many congregational and conference settings and has served in a variety of ministry capacities, including music minister, youth minister, Sunday school teacher, chaplain and pastor. Still lives in Waco, Texas with his wife and two sons.

Editorial Reviews

"The discovery of hitherto unknown exegetical works by J. B. Lightfoot is a rare gift, full of potential for fresh insight both about the man himself (acknowledged worldwide as the leading scholar of his day) and, as he would have wished, about texts which he knew so well and which themselves express the heart of the gospel. Hearty congratulations to finder, editor and publisher on an unexpected and exciting addition to the core library of seminal biblical studies."

—N. T. Wright, University of St. Andrews, former Bishop of Durham

"From Bede, the greatest European scholar of the seventh century, to today's world-class university sharing a world heritage site with a majestic cathedral, creative and careful study has long stood alongside prayer and worship here in Durham. It is therefore fitting that this amazing discovery of Lightfoot's handwritten manuscripts was made by one of the world's leading biblical scholars in the cathedral library. For within these pages, Lightfoot embodies that Durham tradition—outstanding independent scholarship offered humbly in the service of God."

—David Wilkinson, Durham University

"The work of J. B. Lightfoot, along with that of his close collaborators B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort, remains of landmark significance to contemporary New Testament studies. The editors and their assistants are to be thanked and congratulated for their labors in bringing to publication these previously unpublished notes on 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter, along with various essays by and about Lightfoot. These materials will be of interest to all who work on the historical interpretation of these letters and on the history of their interpretation."

—David G. Horrell, professor of New Testament studies, director, Centre for Biblical Studies, University of Exeter

Product Reviews

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  1. cbcarter
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    fond times
    March 8, 2017
    cbcarter
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 5
    anytime you want to read scholarly work pertaining to the Greek, it would be hard to find anything better than one from Lightfoot. Reminds me of the old days, when scholars actually tried to do exegesis, not eisegesis.
  2. SnickerdoodleSarah
    Gender: female
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    Useful collection of works
    December 24, 2016
    SnickerdoodleSarah
    Gender: female
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 5
    This is quite an eclectic collection of works by J. B. Lightfoot. It includes two (both to some degree incomplete)commentaries , one on 2 Corinthians and the other on 1 Peter, and five lectures/sermons/essays by Lightfoot as appendices. You get quite a bit of content in this volume.

    The Commentaries in this book are unfinished/incomplete, but you still get a good deal to work with. There is an editor's introduction at the beginning of the book that presents an interesting look at the production of this book and the discovery of the 'lost' writings of Lightfoot, as well as bit of info on Lightfoot's life, scholarship and some of his method of writing commentaries. I particularly liked to see it pointed out that Lightfoot was a stickler for context, James D. G. Dunn is quoted in the book as saying, "time and again Lightfoot 'clearly demonstrates the importance of reading a historical text within its historical context, that the meaning of a text does not arise out of the text alone, but out of the text read in context and that the original context and intention of the author is a determinative and controlling factor in what may be read or heard from a text'"

    Next in the book comes the 2 Corinthians section, starting with a sort of historical look/critique of Paul's life and the dating of his letters. 2 Corinthians is then broken down into sections, mostly as chapters, but at times the chapters are divided. At the beginning of some of the sections is a paraphrase of the texts to be dealt with, (apparently composed by Lightfoot himself), next comes a section dealing with textual issues for various verses in the passage and lastly commentary on the text itself(which also includes some textual criticism). The commentary on 2 Corinthians basically ends at chapter 11 (though even that chapter only has a few notes on some textual issues for that chapter.

    Then comes 1 Peter, which, though divided by chapter, it does not have textual critical commentary separate from the regular interpretative commentary, rather it is interspersed throughout the commentary.

    There is a good deal of useful commentary on 2 Corinthians and 1 Peter in this book, despite their unfinished form. Some verses have more notes than others, and some verses don't have any commentary at all, but I still think that the many notes that are here would be of use. It is very scholarly, there is much quotation of the Greek and a good deal of analyzing of various texts, and specific words within verses. I find it rather amusing that Lightfoot has no hesitation in pointing out errors in translation in the English version of the Bible (frankly stating "E.V. is wrongor graciously conceding that, "E.V. not unaccountably wrong") , and he also critiques the views of other commentators on certain passages, again, often with no qualms about stating their wrongness very bluntly.

    I've found that he has some very interesting thoughts/insights on some of the passages, for instance part of his comments on 2 Corinthians 3: vs. 18 (Paul speaking of how we Christians contemplate the Lord's glory with unveiled faces and are transformed) read thus, "This transformation is what is called elsewhere ' putting on Christ' (Rom 13:14( what is spoken of in Gal 4:19 as Christ being formed in us (here he quotes the Greek) But this transformation is not sudden, the change is gradual. We advance from one grade of glory to a higher one. The glory on Moses; face faded away each time as he left the presence of the Lord and had to be renewed again; but with us it is different. We are constantly in His sight, and so instead of the reflected brightness which is coming and going, it is ever becoming more and more bright, i.e. more and more like the image from which it is reflected - Christ himself."

    After the 2 Peter section come the Appendixes, Appendix A being, "The Mission of Titus to the Corinthians", Appendix B "St. Paul's Preparation for the Ministry", Appendix C, "The Letter Killeth, But the Spirit Giveth Life", Appendix D, "Lessons From the Cradle of Christianity", Appendix E, "The Christian Ministry" and Appendix F., "J. B. Lightfoot as Biblical Commentator". Many of these essays are very interesting, though I found the section on the Mission of Titus to the Corinthians rather boring, but that's simply because that topic does not interest me at the moment. I especially liked sections of the "lessons of History from the Cradle of Christianity", particularly Lightfoot's Critique of Philo. One flaw in particular that was noted about Philo was his tendency impose allegory upon the Scriptures and even history, "The facts to him were meaningless except so far as he could extract from them a series of allegories, indeed sometimes even denying the facts themselves" That statement seems to fit well in describing some of today's popular methods of preaching.

    Overall, I think that this is a good and useful collection of works to own, the editors did a good job of putting it together.

    Many thanks to the folks at Intervarsity Press for sending me a free review copy of this book (my review did not have to be favorable)
  3. Jimmy Reagan
    Leesville, SC
    Age: 45-54
    Gender: male
    5 Stars Out Of 5
    Nice Volume!
    December 7, 2016
    Jimmy Reagan
    Leesville, SC
    Age: 45-54
    Gender: male
    Quality: 5
    Value: 5
    Meets Expectations: 5
    This unique book finishes IVPs The Lightfoot Legacy Set of the recently discovered unpublished writings of J. B. Lightfoot. If you ever peruse used book listings you will see just how popular his commentaries have been for many years. The book has a gorgeous cover and is, to my mind, as much a collectible item for those who are assembling fairly complete libraries as it is a usable commentary.

    On the negative side, you really couldnt call the portion on either 2 Corinthians or 1 Peter a complete commentary. There is a good bit of untranslated Greek as well. His disdain for the Textus Receptus is palpable too. Still, his logical mind is really good in many places. For example, he makes careful arguments on the chronology of Paul and takes some colleagues to task for carelessness. I wouldnt agree with all his conclusions, but find interacting with him quite helpful.

    Other things are added to this volume that makes it even more valuable. There is an expanded rendition of his justly famous The Christian Ministry. The volume concludes with some nice articles by others that have appeared on Lightfoot himself.

    If you already have the first two in this series, you will definitely want this one as it is of equal value. The set is a nice one too.

    I received this book free from the publisher. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commissions 16 CFR, Part 255.
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