Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views provides a unique venue for well-known proponents of four distinct views in the openness of God debate to present their case. Paul Helm of King's College, London, presents the Augustinian/Calvinistic view. David Hunt of Whittier College contends for a simple foreknowledge view. William Lane Craig of Talbot School of Theology argues for middle knowledge, or Molinism, and Gregory A. Boyd of Bethel College presents the openness view.
The question of the nature of God's foreknowledge and how that relates to human freedom has been pondered and debated by Christian theologians at least since the time of Augustine. And the issue will not go away. More recently, the terms of the debate have shifted, and the issue has taken on new urgency with the theological proposal known as the openness of God. This view maintains that God's knowledge, while perfect, is limited regarding the future inasmuch as the future is "open" and not settled. Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views provides a venue for well-known proponents of four distinct views of divine foreknowledge to present their cases: Gregory A. Boyd of Bethel College presents the open-theism view, David Hunt of Whittier College weighs in on the simple-foreknowledge view, William Lane Craig of Talbot School of Theology takes the middle-knowledge view, and Paul Helm of Regent College, Vancouver, presents the Augustinian-Calvinist view. All four respond to each of the other essayists, noting points of agreement and disagreement. Editors James K. Beilby and Paul R. Eddy introduce the contemporary debate and also offer a conclusion that helps you evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of each view. The result is a unique opportunity to grapple with the issues and arguments and frame your own understanding of this important debate.
James K. Beilby (Ph.D., Marquette University) is professor of systematic and philosophical theology at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota. His books include (with David Clark), and (both with Paul Eddy), and . His articles and essays have appeared in such publications as and
Paul R. Eddy (Ph.D., Marquette University) is Professor of Theology at Bethel University in St. Paul, Minnesota. His books include (Ashgate), (with G. A. Boyd, Baker) and (with James Beilby IVP).
Gregory A. Boyd (Ph.D., Princeton Theological Seminary) is a pastor at Woodland Hills Church in St. Paul, Minnesota. Previously, he was a professor of theology at Bethel University, also in St. Paul. His books include and .
Hunt teaches at Whittier College.
William Lane Craig (PhD, University of Birmingham, England; DTheol, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany) is professor of philosophy at Talbot School of Theology and at Houston Baptist University. In 2016 he was named by The Best Schools as one of the 50 most influential living philosophers. Craig has authored or edited over forty books, including ; ; ; and , as well as over 150 articles in professional publications of philosophy and theology, including , , , , , , and .
Paul Helm is a teaching fellow in theology and philosophy at Regent College in Vancouver, British Columbia. From 1993 to 2000 he taught as professor of the history and philosophy of religion at King's College, University of London. He has published numerous books and articles, including (Oxford University Press, 1988), (Cambridge University Press, 1994) and (Eerdmans, 1997).
The recent evangelical debate about divine foreknowledge has been compared to
the inerrancy debate of the 1970s because of its heatedness; this collection
attempts to offer several viewpoints on the basic controversies (i.e., what
did God know, when did he know it and do human beings really have free will?).
But in bringing together these four authors Gregory Boyd with the open view,
David Hunt with the simple-foreknowledge view, William Lane Craig with the
middle-foreknowledge view and Paul Helm defending the Augustinian-Calvinist
view the collection illustrates another similarity with the inerrancy debate:
a mind-numbing complexity of argument. The editors have sought "to make this
book accessible to educated laypeople and college students who have had a
first course in theology or philosophy." While Boyd's essay is very
accessible, the others are filled with technical terms ("while it seems clear
that intramundane causation is transitive") and a puzzling tendency to speak
in algebraic variables ("If it is accidentally necessary before X is even
born that X will do A, then X never has it in his power to do other than
A..."). Needing over seven pages of glossary, this book is unlikely to find a
wide audience, but it will still prove useful for those seminarians and clergy
who wish to get several different perspectives on the debate. (Nov.)
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