Although it opens with a lyrical description of the Tsuchimikado mansion in autumn and gives vivid accounts of court events and ceremonies, the work is in no sense an official chronicle. Spiced with anecdote, searching self-analysis and sharp sketches of a timid Empress, spineless courtiers and quarrelsome ladies-in-waiting, it reveals the underside of imperial splendour from an unexpected, utterly female point of view. Since women were discouraged from learning Chinese, the language of bureaucaratic power, many played a key role in forging forms of early Japanese prose. Where others wrote fairy stories or tales of thwarted passion, Murasaki's Diary is something far more subtle, one of the crucial stepping stones which culminated in the Genji. Relevant detail of Japanese dress, religion, architecture, and social convention are clearly set out in Richard Bowring's footnotes and fine introduction.