The Creed calls the Church holy. Can the Church also be called sinful? The author presents a century's worth of reflection on these points-preconciliar theologians, Vatican II, John Paul II-and on the question, sinful Church or Church of sinners? This careful study clarifies and illumines a century of complex reflection, a century that might be called, in theology, the century of ecclesiology, with Vatican I in the background and Lumen Gentium on the distant horizon. The author's conclusion is the right one: the matter is not concluded. A book recommended enthusiastically.
Joseph T. Lienhard, SJ, Fordham University
Exhaustively researched and written in a clear and comprehensive style, A Holy Yet Sinful Church captures an important feature of John Pauls efforts to move the Church forward in the twenty-first century. Informative and challenging, this monograph brings to light an important focus for contemporary Catholicism.
Richard Gribble, CSC
In an ecclesial era of searching for ways forward for a new evangelization while constantly being confronted with our own failures to model the faith, new demands for a profound theology of the Church have confronted us. Sr. Jeanmarie Gribaudo has provided just such a careful examination of the variety of influences that shaped the Church's self-understanding after Vatican II, which allows us to profess once again a new faith in a Church that is at once sinful and holy, mediating salvific grace for a people as much in need of it as ever.
Christopher Collins, SJ, Director of the Catholic Studies Program, Saint Louis University
In A Holy Yet Sinful Church, Sr. Jeanmarie Gribaudo offers a scholarly yet accessible account of the claim that the Church has always been understood as both holy and sinful. Exemplifying how historical scholarship can temper and broaden theological perspective, Gribaudo focuses in particular on the appearance of these themes in preconciliar thought as well as Vatican II's Lumen Gentium, as these prepared the ground for Pope John Paul II's remarkable litany of repentance for the Church's faults in March 2000. Her work offers a timely lesson about the nature of the Church as both holy and sinful, which, taken to heart, is a lesson for the communal dimension of theological anthropology as well.
Nancy Dallavalle, Fairfield University, Vice President for Mission and Identity, Associate Professor of Religious Studies
Gribaudo has provided a foundational genealogy of current teaching on ecclesial holiness and sinfulness in the documents of Vatican II and in the words and actions of John Paul II. This work is rooted in a careful, insightful analysis of the origins of that teaching in preconciliar ressourcement theologians such as Mersch and de Lubac, and midcentury thinkers such as Congar and Rahner. Gribaudo then collects and analyzes ecclesial holiness and sinfulness in Lumen Gentium and in the papacy of John Paul II. No other work has gathered and analyzed such a wide variety of twentieth-century sources on this topic in such a comprehensive, observant way. Gribaudo's book is valuable both as a historical study of the development of ecclesiology in this period and as an unsurpassed point of departure for all future systematic thought on the holiness and sinfulness of the Church.
Brian P. Flanagan, Assistant Professor of Theology, Marymount University
Interesting questions were raised by John Paul II's efforts to cleanse the Church's conscience in preparation for the Great Jubilee of 2000 and to advance the New Evangelization. That discussion continues here.
George Weigel, Distinguished Senior Fellow, Ethics and Public Policy Center