|God's Clockmaker: Richard of Wallingford and the Invention of Time|
By: J.D. North
|Table of Contents|
IllustrationsPART ONE: Foundations1 Eclipse2 The Black Monks The Order Federation The Monastery3 Wallingford The Borough Son of the Smithy The Priory4 Oxford The Beginnings of the University Grosseteste: The Forming of the University Theology and the Sciences Gloucester College Rival Institutions Nine Long Years and More5 An Astronomer Among Theologians Cause for Regret Oxford Theologians Abroad 'Mathematical Pursuits' Astrology and the Calendar New Instruments: Rectangulus and Albion The Astrolabe6 The State of the Kingdom The Fall of Edward II Edward III and the Downfall of IsabellaPART TWO: An Abbot's Rule7 A New Abbot Goliath Avignon Why Avignon? Pope John XXII (1316-34) The Road The Throne of Costly Grace Fortune's Wheel8 Reprove, Persuade, Rebuke Discordant Notes A Visitation The Abbot's Dues The Leper A Good Shepherd? Rights9 The Visitor Visited An Abbot in Parliament Balancing the Books Enemies and Friends in Adversity10 The Litigious Abbot Justice Within Whose Law? The Mills of St Albans Hand-Mills and Liberties Morality and Bloodshed Trials by Jury The Men of Redbourn Isabella's Mill Mills, Malt and Mas Windmills Unflagging AspirationsPART THREE: Time and the Man11 Builders and Clockmakers The Builder Roger and Laurence of Stoke12 Horologe and History Time and the Hour Water Clocks The First Cluster of Records Perpetual Motion Mechanisms and Motives Astronomical Motives Astronomical Motives Questioned The Mechanical Escapement's First Application?13 The St Albans Clock The Treatise The Manuscripts The Escapement The Order of Invention The St Albans Striking Mechanism Developments in Italy Richard of Wallingford ad Engineer The Building of the Clock14 Machina Mundi The Clock as Instrument Tides and Fortune On Reading an Astrolabe Dial The Sun's Variable Motion The Moon and Dragon15 Legacy Time the Controller Time's Fell Hand The Man Dissolution and SurvivalPART FOUR: The Springs of Western Science16 The Migration of Ideas The Latin Tradition From Cordoba to Western Monasteries Al-Khwarizimi in England The High Tide of Translation Approaches to the Greek Aristotle Jewish Contributions Parallel Worlds: Theology as Censor Provence and Profatius17 A Primer in Aristotelian Natural Philosophy18 Natural Philosophy in Oxford A Metaphysics of Light Grosseteste and Thirteenth-Century Optics Aristotle and Geometry Aristotle and Scientific System Rationalists, Empiricists, and God A New Dynamics A New Kinematics: The Mertonians The Rise and Fall of Aristotelian Science19 The Astronomers Early Western Astronomy The Renaissance of the Greek Tradition Ptolemy's Almagest A Painful Climb: Student Texts Ptolemaic Planetary Theory Astronomical Tables and Techniques Natural Philosophy and the Astronomers Heaven and the Heavens20 The Astrologers Early History Oxford Astrology Exafrenon21 Instruments of Thought Mathematics as Instrument Material Instruments The Rectangulus22 Albion Early Equatoria Tacit Geometry New Ways with Old Theory Sun, Moon and Eclipse Curves for Functional Relationships The Fortunes of Albion23 EpilogueNotesBibliographyIndex
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