The most important political thinker in American history, James Madison was an eloquent and insightful writer whose lucid expositions of the principles of republican government, freedom of religion, speech, and the press, the rights of minorities, and the separation of powers continue to speak to the controversies of the day. This volume contains 197 documents written between 1772 and 1836, including all 29 of Madison's contributions to The Federalist; speeches and letters illuminating his key role in framing the Constitution and the Bill of Rights; revealing correspondence with Jefferson, Washington, Hamilton. and Monroe; eloquent denunciations of the Alien and Sedition Acts; and candid appraisals of the personalities and events he witnessed over four decades in public life. Writings from Madison's later life show his determination to uphold American independence during the Napoleonic wars and his growing concern over the sectional threat to the federal union he helped create.
James Madison (1751-1836) was the fourth President of the United States and become known as the father of the Constitution because of his influence in planning it and drawing up the Bill of Rights. He was Secretary of State under Jefferson, and his main achievement in this role was the purchase of Louisiana from the French. He lived in Montpelier, Virginia, for eighty-five years, two of which he spent on the governors council. He was elected President in 1809 and again in 1812. During his terms in office he worked to abolish slavery, to disestablish the Church and to seek peace, although under his command the war against Britain resulted in a U.S. triumph.
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