The Old Testament Canon and the Apocrypha  -     By: William Webster
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The Old Testament Canon and the Apocrypha

Christian Resources / 2003 / Paperback

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The subject of the Old Testament canon has been a matter of debate between Protestants and Roman Catholics for centuries. In the sixteenth century, the Council of Trent officially accorded the Apocrypha canonical status, decreeing it to be inspired Scripture. Roman apologists claim that Trent affirmed what had been the universal practice of the Church beginning with the North African Councils of Hippo and Carthage in the late fourth century. In this work, William Webster documents the history of the Old Testament canon and the Apocrypha from the Jewish age to the Reformation. The historical evidence reveals that the Jews did not accept the Apocryphal writings as part of the inspired corpus of the Old Testament, that many of the early Church fathers, such as Athanasius and Jerome, followed the Jewish canon and rejected the Apocrypha, and that the Church throughout the middle ages, including the period of the Reformation itself, embraced the opinion of Jerome in denying the Apocrypha full canonical status. These writings were considered useful for edification and for reading in the churches but were not considered authoritative for establishing doctrine. This work provides extensive documentation from the writings of many of the most renowned theologians of the Church from the sixth to the sixteenth centuries, much of which has been translated into English for the first time. The evidence is convincing: Trent's decree, rather than affirming the universal practice of the Church, was in fact contrary to it. Contents Include: The Canon of the Jews - Witness of Jesus and the NT; The Structure of the Hebrew Canon; the number of books; the Identity of the Hebrew Canonical books; the Septuagint and the Two Canon theory; The Council of Jamnia; The Essenes; Supposed Citation of the Apocrypha in the NT The Beginning of the Church Age to Jerome - The LXX and the Early Church; The Eastern Church; The Western Church; Jerome; Augustine and the North African Church From Jerome to the Reformation - The Eastern Church; The Western Church; The Glossa Ordinaria; The Teaching of the Major Western Theologians of the Middle Ages; Roman Catholic Bible Translations; Internal Corruption of the Apocrypha Disqualifying the Writings as Being Inspired Conclusion Endnotes of Chapter One, Two and Three, and Index

Product Information

Format: Paperback
Number of Pages: 187
Vendor: Christian Resources
Publication Date: 2003
Dimensions: 9.0 X 6.0 X .50 (inches)
ISBN: 1893531066
ISBN-13: 9781893531062
Availability: In Stock

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  1. 5 Stars Out Of 5
    May 27, 2009
    David Bell
    William Webster is an apologist and a scholar. He lays out a powerful and extremely well documented case for the 39 book Old Testament canon. He references overwhelming evidence to support the premise that while the use of the apocrypha was considered beneficial for personal reading, the apocrypha were not accepted as part of the official canon and were assigned secondary status even by the Roman Catholic Church until the Council of Trent. This is an excellent book if you want the background for the O.T. canon.
  2. 2 Stars Out Of 5
    July 26, 2006
    Jose Alvarado
    Theres a difference between the vision of an apologist and the vision of protestant scholars. Thats for sure. The author gives some partial truths. 1) Just read the "Dictionary of New Testament Background", the article "Hebrew Bible" and you will see that the OT of Jesus time wasnt the 39 protestant OT. 2) Read the OT debate, the article about the Dead Sea Scrolls and well see that the Essenes didnt have a protestant canon 2)Jerome and Athanasius quoted the so called apocrypha as inspired books. 3)Lets remember that the Trent biblical canon wasnt only and OT List, but it covered the whole Bible and the reason is clear: Luther among other protestants gave a broken Bible: an OT canon of 39 books and a NT canon of 23. 4) There are protestant scholars that rejected the 39 book canon of the OT. Names? James Barr, Oxford Profesor of OT Interpretation. Read Albert Sundberg "Old Testament of the Early Church" published by Harvard University. Sundberg is a protestant. The OT canon of 39 books wasnt the Early church canon.
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