Immanuel Kant, who became a skeptic after encountering David Hume's aversion to miracles, turned his metaphysical guns on the concept of 'Reason'. Kant propounded the theory that, although certain concepts inherent in Reason precede and facilitate experience, these concepts are not sufficient for proofs concerning conclusions about the natural world. Pulling together the disparate strains of rationalism and empiricism to forge his transcendental idealism, Kant recast much of the existing theories of how reason and experience are interrelated.
The masterpiece of the father of modern philosophy
A seminal text of modern philosophy, Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (1781) made history by bringing together two opposing schools of thought: rationalism, which grounds all our knowledge in reason, and empiricism, which traces all our knowledge to experience. Published here in a lucid reworking of Max Müller's classic translation, the Critique is a profound investigation into the nature of human reason, establishing its truth, falsities, illusions, and reality.
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the most influential philosophers of all time. His comprehensive and profound thinking on aesthetics, ethics, and knowledge has had an immense impact on all subsequent philosophy.
Max Muller (1823-1900) was born in Dessau, Germany, and was an orientalist, a scholar of ancient languages, and a follower of Kant's philosophy. He was the first to translate Sanskrit texts into a modern European language. He taught at Oxford and became a British citizen in 1855.
Marcus Weigelt studied at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and at Freie Universität, Berlin.
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