Revelation (All 3 Volumes), Word
Biblical Commentary

Editorial Preface     x
Author's Preface     xi
Abbreviations     xiii
Commentary Bibliography     xxviii
General Bibliography      xxx

Introduction

    Section 1: Authorship     xlvii
    Section 2: Date     lvi
    Section 3: Genre     lxx
    Section 4: LIterary Structure     xc
    Section 5: Source Criticism     cv
    Section 6: Text     cxxxiv
    Section 7: Syntax     clx
    Section 8: Vocabulary     ccvii

TEXT AND COMMENTARY
The Inscription     3
     I. Prologue (1:1-8)     5
          A. Title: The Revelation of Jesus Christ (1:1-2)     5
          B. Beatitude (1:3)     5
          C. Epistolary Prescript (1:4-5c)     23
               Excursus 1A: The Tripartite Divine Name in the
               Targumim    
32
                    Excursus 1B: The Spirit in Revelation     36
          D. Doxology (1:5d-6)     41
          E. Two Prophetic Oracles (1:7-8)     50
     II. John's Vision and Comission (1:9-3:22)     60
          A. Vision of "One like a Son of Man" (1:9-20)     60
               Excursus 1C: The "Angels" of the Seven
               Churches    
108
                    Excursus 1D: The Tripartite Prophecy
                   Formula    
112
                         Excursus 1E: The Number Seven     114
          B. Proclamations to the Seven
              Churches (2:1-3:22)     117
               1. The Proclamation to Ephesus (2:1-7)     132
                    Excursus 2A: The Nicolaitans     148
               2. The Proclamation to Ephesus (2:1-7)     132
                    Excursus 2B: Anatolian Jewish Communities
                   and Synagogues    
168
                         Excursus 2C: Ancient Wreath and Crown
                         Imagery    
172
               3. The Proclamation to
                   Pergamon (2:12-17)     176
                    Excursus 2D: Eating Food Sacrificed to
                    Idols    
191
               4. The Proclamation to Thyatira (2:18-29)     195
               5. The Proclamation to Sardis (3:1-6)     214
               6. The Proclamation to
                   Philadephia (3:7-13)     228
               7. The Proclamation to Laodicea (3:14-22)     245
                    Excursus 3A: The Sayings of Jesus in
                   Revelation    
264
     III. The Disclosure of God's Eschatological
         Plan (4:1-22:9)     266
          A. John's Heavenly Ascent (4:1-2a)     266
          B. The Sovereignty of God, the Investiture of the
               Lamb, and the First Six Seals (4:2b-7:17)     266
               1. Vision of the Heavenly Worship of
                   God (4:2b-5:14)     266
                    a. The Heavenly Worship of
                        God (4:2b-11)     266
                         Excursus 4A: The Twenty-Four
                        Elders    
287
                              Excursus 4B: Hymns in
                             Revelation    
314
                                   Excursus 4C: The Cosmology of
                                  Ancient Ascent Narratives    
317
                    b. The Investiture of the Lamb (5:1-14)     319
                         Excursus 5A: Christ as the Lamb     367
               2. The Lamb Breaks the First Six
                   Seals (6:1-17)     377
                    Excursus 6A: Ancient Prodigies and the
                   Plagues of Revelation    
416
               3. The Protective Sealing of the
                   144,000 (7:1-17)     424
                    Excursus 7A: Marking, Branding, and
                    Tattooing in the Ancient World    
456
                         Excursus 7B: The Order of the Tribes in
                         Rev 7:4-8    
464
          C. The Seventh Seal and the First Six
               Trumpets (8:1-11:14)     480
               1. The Seventh Seal (8:1)     480
               2. Vision of the First Six
                   Trumpets (8:2-9:21)     480
               3. The Angel and the Little Scroll (10:1-11)     547
               4. The Temple and the Two
                   Witnesses (11:1-14)     575
          D. The Seventh Trumpet and the Seven
               Bowls (11:15-16:21)     632
               1. The Seventh Trumpet (11:15-18)     632
               2. The Woman, the Child, and the
                   Dragon (11:19-12:17)     647
                    Excursus 12A: Michael the Archangel     693
                         Excursus 12B: The Commandments of
                         God and the Torah    
710
               3. The Two Beasts (12:18-13:18)     713
                    Excursus 13A: The Nero Redux or Redivivus
                    Legend     737
                         Excursus 13B: The Eschatological
                        Antagonist    
751
                              Excursus 13C: 666 and
                              Gematria    
771
                                   Excursus 13D: The Provincial
                                   League
(Koinon) of Asia     773
                                        Excursus 13E: The Roman
                                        Imperial Cult in Asia Minor    
775
               4. Visions of Eschatological Salvation and
                   Judgement (14:1-20)     781
                    Excursus 14A: Celibacy in Antiquity     818
               5. The Seven Bowls (15:1-16:21)     849
                    Excursus 16A: Rome and Parthia     891
          E. Revelations of the Judgement of
               Babylon (17:1-19:10)     905
               1. Introduction to the Revelations (17:1-2)     905
               2. The Allegorical Vision of Babylon as the Great
                   Whore (17:3-18)     905
                    Excursus 17A: The Biography of the
                    Beast    
941
                         Excursus 17B: Alternate Ways of Counting
                         the Roman Emperors    
947
               3. The Destruction of Babylon (18:1-24)     961
               4. Heavenly Throne-Room
                   Audition (19:1-8)     1012
               5. Concluding Angelic
                   Revelation (19:9-10)     1012
          F. The Final Defeat of God's Remaining
               Foes (19:11-21:8)     1040
               1. The Divine Warrior and His
                   Conquests (19:11-21)     1040
               2. The Final Defeat of Satan (20:1-10)     1069
               3. Vision of the Judgement of the
                   Dead (20:11-15)     1069
                    Excursus 20A: The Temporary and the
                    Eternal Kingdom    
1104
               4. The Transition to the New
                   Order (21:1-8)     1108
          G. The Vision of the New
               Jerusalem (21:10b-22:5)     1133
               1. Introduction to the Vision (21:9-22:9)     1133
               2. The Seer Visits the New
                   Jerusalem (21:10b-22:5)     1133
               3. Transitional Conclusion (22:6-9)     1133
                    Excursus 21A: Jerusalem and the Temple in
                    Early Judaism and Early Christianity    
1188
                         Excursus 21B: Ancient Utopias and the
                         Paradise Myth    
1191
     IV. Epilogue (22:10-21)     1195
          A. Concluding Parenesis (22:10-20)     1195
          B. Epistolary Postscript (22:21)     1238

The Subscription     1242

Indexes     1243                  

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