Early Christian Life and Thought in Social ContextEarly Christian Life and Thought in Social Context
Mark Harding

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Early Christian Life and Thought in Social Context fills a vacuum in current scholarship. While there exist a number of anthologies of sources for students of the New Testament and early Judaism, this book integrates concise explanatory comment on various aspects of the historical and social situation of the early Christians with substantial extracts from early Christian, early Jewish, and Graeco-Roman sources.
     

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Preface

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

Introduction

Part 1. The Political Landscape: The Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman Empires

1.1. The Rise of Persia
1.2. The Persian Empire
1.3. Phillip II of Macedon
1.4. Alexander the Great
1.5. Alexanderís Achievement
1.6. Alexanderís Successors (the diadochoi)
1.7. Early Rome
1.8. Rome Acquires an Empire
1.9. Late Republican Roman Politics
1.10. Augustus
1.11. The Roman Empire in Early Imperial Times
1.12 Augustusís Successors (14-136 CE)

Part 2. The Jews under Persians, Greeks and Romans: 539 BCE-135 CE

2.1. The Jews under Persian Rule
2.2. Judaea under Greek Rule (336-175 BCE)
2.3. Judaism and Hellenism in Judaea
2.4. Antiochus IV Epiphanes and Priestly Politics in Judaea
2.5. The Maccabaean Revolt (167-164 BCE) and its Aftermath
2.6. The Hasmonaeans and the Coming of the Romans
2.7. Herodís Early Career
2.8. Palestine under Herod the Great and Archelaus (37 BCE-6 CE)
2.9. Roman Rule in Judaea (6-37 CE)
2.10. Herod Antipas
2.11. Agrippa I and II
2.12. Judaea and Galilee (44-66 CE)
2.13. The First Jewish Revolt
2.14. Palestine 70-135 CE
2.15. The Revolts of 115-117 CE
2.16. The Second Jewish Revolt 132-135 CE

Part 3. Graeco-Roman Literature

3.1. History
3.2. Biography
3.3. Letters
3.4. Poetry
3.5. Moral Treatises
3.6. The Novel

Part 4. Early Jewish and Christian Literature

4.1. Apocalypses
4.2. Testaments
4.3. Expanded and Rewritten Bible
4.4. Wisdom Literature
4.5. Hymns and Prayers
4.6. Jewish Historiography
4.7. Gospels
4.8. The Content of the Gospels in their Literary Setting

Part 5. Graeco-Roman Religion

5.1. The Religion of the Greeks and Romans
5.2. Ruler Cults
5.3. Mystery Religions and Eastern Cults
5.4. Oracles, Astrology, Magic and the Occult

Part 6. Philosophy

6.1. Epicureanism
6.2. Stoicism
6.3. The Academy
6.4. Philosophical Itinerants
6.5. Philo

Part 7. Graeco-Roman Society

7.1. The Household
7.2. Marriage
7.3. Attitudes to Women
7.4. Sexuality
7.5. Slavery
7.6. Education and Rhetoric
7.7. The Graeco-Roman Economy
7.8. Glory and Fame
7.9. Life in the Cities
7.10. Life in the Countryside
7.11. Entertainment
7.12. War
7.13. Atrocities
7.14. Government
7.15. Natural Disasters
7.16. Sickness and Death

Part 8. Early Judaism and Christianity

8.1. Descriptions of Judaea
8.2. The Elephantine Community
8.3. The Jewish Diaspora
8.4. Reactions to Judaism
8.5. The Civic Rights of the Jews
8.6. The Sabbath
8.7. The Temple
8.8. The Synagogue
8.9. Pharisees
8.10. Sadducees
8.11. Essenes
8.12. The Qumran Community
8.13. The ĎFourth Philosophy í, Bandits and Sicarii
8.14. Herodians, Hellenists and Samaritans
8.15. Early Christianity
8.16. Resurrection
8.17. Messianism
8.18. Christians under the Empire

Bibliography

Numerical List of Sources

Index of Sources

Subject Index

Index of Names