Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250
Colin Morris

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The title of this book expreses a paradox, not a fact. A papal monarchy was in principle and in practice inconceivable in medieval Europe. One of the distinctive features of Christianity has been a clear separationb etween church and state. The awaress nof two powers, each with its own area of authority, was founded upon the ministry of Christ. The distinction between sacred and secular, between kingdom and priesthood is a commonplace of Christian thinking and it was not forgotten between 1050 and 1250. This impressive book is comprehensive in coverage, masterful in synthesis, relentless in good sense, and felicitous in prose. This book covers the history of the Christian church from 1050-1250 with clarity, wit, elegant versing, and challenging epigrams. 673 page softcover from Oxford.
     

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Abbreviations
References ot Canon Law
Introduction

Part I. The Papal Reform Movement and the Conflict with the Empire (c. 1046-1122)
1. Christian Society in the Middle of the Eleventh Century

i. Introduction.
ii. The Pattern of Divine Government
iii. The Church and the Lay Powers
iv. The Beginnings of a Reform Ideology
2. The PAttern of Social Change
i. The Exntension of Economic Activity: the Countryside
ii. The extension of Economic Activity: the Cities
iv. The Aristocracy
v. The Dissemination of Ideas
3. Monastic Growth and Change
i. The Expansion of the Monasteries
ii. The Golden Age of Cluny
iii. Hermits
iv. Canons
4. The Papal Reform (1046-1073)
i. Introduction
ii. The Beginnings of Papal Reform
iii. The Reformers Come of Age
iv. The Principles of Papal Reform
v. The Reform of the Clergy
The Discord of Empire and Papacy (1073-1099)
i. Gregory VII
ii. The Breach with the Empire
iii. The Revival of the Gregorian Papacy
iv. The War of Ideas
6. Greeks and Saracens
i. The Situation in the Mediterranean World
ii. The Conquest of Sicily and Apulia
iii. The Rise of Christian Militarism
iv. The First Crusade
7. The Conflict Renewed: The Question of Investiture
i. Paschal II
ii. The Concordat of Worms
iii. Papal Administration
iv. The Achievement of the Papal Reform Movement
Part II. The Growth of Christendom
8. The Roman Church and the Empire in the Twelfth Century
i. After the Concordat of Worms
ii. Frederick I and the Renewal of the Empire
iii. The Alexandrine Schism
iv. The Papacy under Pressure
9. The Government of the Church in the Twelfth Century
i. Concepts of Papal Authority
ii. The Exercise of Papal Power
iii. The Pastorate of the Bishops
iv. Churches and Kingdoms
10. The New Monastic Orders
i. From Hermitage to Monastery
ii. The New Orders
iii. Controversy and Criticism
iv. The New Orders in Twelfth-century Society
11. The Christian Frontier
i. The Theory of Mission
ii. Scandinavia
iii. Eastern Europe
iv. The Defence of the Holy Sepulchre

12. The Message of the Churches

i. Towards a Christian Soceity
ii. The Great Churches
iii. The Local Churches
iv. Learning through Worship
v. Preaching
vi. Ceremonial and Society
13. Christianity and Social Ideas
i. The Basis of Christian Social Action
ii. Provision for the Poor
iii. Marriage
iv. Commercial Morality: the Question of Interest and Usury
v. Chivalry
14. Dissent
i. The Beginnings of Heresy
ii. Cathars and Waldensians
iii. Sorcery
iv. The Jews
15. The Formulation of the Faith
i. The Growth of Theology
ii. The Science of Theology
iii. The Theology of Humanism
iv. Sin and Redemption
v. The World to Come
16. Property, Privilege, and Law
i. Ownership and Disrtibution
ii. Tithe
iii. The Structure of Ecclesiastical Property
iv. Clerical Privilege
v. The Growth of Canon Law
vi. The Critics
Part III: The Thirteenth Century
17. The Pontificate of Innocent III
i. The New Pope
ii. The Papal State, Sicily and the Empire
iii. Innocent and the Lay Power
iv. Reform
v. The Christian East
vi. The Struggle with Heresy
vii. The Fourth Lateran Council
18. Friars, Beguines, and the Action Against Heresy
i. The Growth of the Friars
ii. Religion for Women: the Rise of the Beguines
iii. The Repression of Heresy
19. Proclaiming the Faith
i. Crusade and Mission
ii. The Pastoral Revolution
iii. Popular Religion
20. Reason and Hope in a Changing World
i. A New Pattern of Learning: the Universities
ii. Theology: from Pastoral Care to Speculation
iii. Joachim of Fiore: a New Eschatology
iv. The Influence of Joachim
21. The Structure of Government
i. The Bishops
ii. Parishes
iii. Monasteries and Cathedrals
22. The Roman Church and the Law Power in the Thirteenth Century
i. Papcy, Kingdoms, and City States
ii. Frederick II
iii. The Papal Monarchy in the Thirteenth Century

Conclusion
Bibliography
Index